How to varnish wooden furniture
Varnishing a wooden piece of furniture is a great way to preserve it and provide a lovely appealy. Here are a few simple steps to varnish your furniture.
How can I sand my wooden furniture?
Sanding down a piece of furniture can help remove any marks or stains. This is an important step to take, before applying any varnish. You can use refined sandpaper to sand down a wooden piece. This process smoothens the surface and removes any coarse parts, making the glaze flow smoothly over the piece.
What supplies do I need to varnish furniture?
There are basic supplies that you can buy at any hardware store, to varnish your wooden furniture piece. Here is the list:
- An oil-based varnish
- A natural bristle paintbrush. Buy different paintbrushes, with various thicknesses, depending on the size of your piece.
- A measuring cup or see-through cup
- Paint thinner
- Thick rubber gloves to protect your hands
Before applying the varnish
Mix three quarters of varnish with a quarter of a cup of thinner, to create the perfect mix. Ensure that the two elements are mixed together well and stir the mixture slowly. Do not shake the varnish container, as this may create bubbles, which will transfer onto your piece.
How to apply varnish to your wooden furniture
To achieve an optimal varnish finishing, keep these steps in mind:
- Varnish should be applied one coat after another. Keep the layers thin and apply one over the other. The first coat should dry, before applying the next.
- Follow the natural flow of the wood and follow the direction of the wood grain.
- Keep your brush wet in varnish and ensure it does not dry up, for a seamless application.
- Keep your hands covered in gloves, and place a face mask, to not breathe in the varnish and thinner smell.
A beautiful finishing for a wooden piece of furniture
Allow the varnish to dry
- Varnish needs to completely dry, before touching it or moving the piece.
- You can tell if the varnish has dried, once it is no longet sticky when touched.
- Some pieces of wooden furniture may only need one coat of varnish. Heavy-duty pieces, or outdoor wooden furniture, may need five coats. Assess the amount after each coat applied.
- Let the piece completely dry before using it.
Which varnish is right for my wooden furniture?
There are many types of varnish that you can use, depending on your piece of wooden furniture.
- Oil-based varnish need to be mixed with paint thinner, such as turpentine. Only apply oil-based varnishes in outdoor and well-ventilated areas.
- Acrylic and water-based varnish dry quicker than oil-based varnishes, however they are not as durable and the varnishing process may need to be repeated reguarly.
- Spray varnish is the easiest to apply. Use spray varnishes in outdoor and well-ventilated areas.